Two of the most popular stock market index ETFs are the Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) and the Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF (VTI). Let’s compare them.

VOO vs. VTI — Methodology and Composition

If you’ve landed here, you probably already know that stocks are a significant driver of portfolio returns, and that index funds are a great, low-cost way to get immediate, broad diversification across asset classes. You also probably already know that Vanguard has some of the lowest fees around and has a solid track record of providing ETFs that accurately track their indexes.

The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) is one of the most…


International assets are a crucial part of any well-diversified investment portfolio. Here we’ll look at the best international ETFs for 2021 for both stocks and bonds across developed and emerging markets.

Introduction — Why International Stocks and Bonds?

International stocks inarguably offer a diversification benefit to a diversified investment portfolio by not being perfectly correlated to the U.S. market, thereby lowering portfolio volatility and risk. That is, international stocks do not move in perfect lockstep with U.S. stocks.

At their global market weight, U.S. stocks comprise only about 50% of the global stock market. Top target date funds now allocate over 30% of equities positions to ex-US…


Interest in ESG investment products has skyrocketed in recent years, particularly among young investors. Let’s explore what ESG investing is, why you might be interested in it, and how to implement it in your portfolio.

Disclosure: Some of the links on this page are referral links. At no additional cost to you, if you choose to make a purchase or sign up for a service after clicking through those links, I may receive a small commission. This allows me to continue producing high-quality, ad-free content on this site and pays for the occasional cup of coffee. I have first-hand experience…


Volatility ETFs provide a way for investors to profit from uncertainty and hedge against market downturns. Here we’ll look at the 3 best volatility ETFs to capitalize on market swings.

Disclosure: Some of the links on this page are referral links. At no additional cost to you, if you choose to make a purchase or sign up for a service after clicking through those links, I may receive a small commission. This allows me to continue producing high-quality, ad-free content on this site and pays for the occasional cup of coffee. I have first-hand experience with every product or service…


Financially reviewed by Patrick Flood, CFA.

Most investors — even professionals — fail to beat the market. Can it be done? Perhaps. Here we’ll explore how to beat the market using leverage and index investing.

Disclosure: Some of the links on this page are referral links. At no additional cost to you, if you choose to make a purchase or sign up for a service after clicking through those links, I may receive a small commission. This allows me to continue producing high-quality, ad-free content on this site and pays for the occasional cup of coffee. I have first-hand experience…


Day trading and investing involve very different audiences, time horizons, trade frequencies, risk profiles, mindsets, tactics, and methodologies. Here we’ll explore the differences and similarities between day trading and investing.

Disclosure: Some of the links on this page are referral links. At no additional cost to you, if you choose to make a purchase or sign up for a service after clicking through those links, I may receive a small commission. This allows me to continue producing high-quality, ad-free content on this site and pays for the occasional cup of coffee. I have first-hand experience with every product or service…


Interest and investment in ESG ETFs has soared over the past couple years. Here we’ll explore the 6 best ESG ETFs for a more responsible investment portfolio.

Disclosure: Some of the links on this page are referral links. At no additional cost to you, if you choose to make a purchase or sign up for a service after clicking through those links, I may receive a small commission. This allows me to continue producing high-quality, ad-free content on this site and pays for the occasional cup of coffee. I have first-hand experience with every product or service I recommend, and…


M1 Finance recently introduced “Smart Transfers,” a more granular way to automatically transfer money between your M1 accounts. Here we’ll look at what Smart Transfers are all about.

Disclosure: Some of the links on this page are referral links. At no additional cost to you, if you choose to make a purchase or sign up for a service after clicking through those links, I may receive a small commission. This allows me to continue producing high-quality, ad-free content on this site and pays for the occasional cup of coffee. I have first-hand experience with every product or service I recommend…


The Paul Merriman 4 Fund Portfolio is a simple, equal-weighted equities portfolio that tilts toward small caps and Value stocks. Here we’ll take a look at its components, performance, and the best ETFs to use in its implementation.

Interested in more Lazy Portfolios? See the full list here.

Disclosure: Some of the links on this page are referral links. At no additional cost to you, if you choose to make a purchase or sign up for a service after clicking through those links, I may receive a small commission. This allows me to continue producing high-quality, ad-free content on this…


Gold can be used as a store of value and a significant alternative asset in a diversified investment portfolio. Here we’ll explore how to invest in gold quickly and easily online.

Disclosure: Some of the links on this page are referral links. At no additional cost to you, if you choose to make a purchase or sign up for a service after clicking through those links, I may receive a small commission. This allows me to continue producing high-quality, ad-free content on this site and pays for the occasional cup of coffee. I have first-hand experience with every product or…

John Tyler Williamson

Analytical and entrepreneurial-minded data nerd, usability enthusiast, Boglehead, and Oxford comma advocate. https://www.OptimizedPortfolio.com

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